In Southern Italian Desserts by Rosetta Costantino, she explores the sweet traditions of Calabria, Campania, Basilicata, Puglia, and Sicily. While many of us are familiar with cannolis and gelato, most of the classic desserts from Southern Italy are known only to those who have visited the region. This cookbook shares seventy five mouthwatering recipes that range from the simple to the magnificent. Each recipe is accompanied by a brief history outlining the dessert's cultural origins and its ties to holidays and festivals. Savor the joys of biting into sospiri, a small glazed cake filled with pastry cream, or cartellate, fried pastry rosettes bathed in mosto cotto. Other sweets from this region include chunky almond biscotti, flourless chocolate almond cake, chocolate hazelnut cake rolls, Easter pie with wheat berries and ricotta and much more. Southern Italian Desserts will have you fantasizing about the sweet confections of Italy.
Torta Ricotta e Pere
I don’t recall seeing a cake made by sandwiching a chilled filling of ricotta and pears between layers of dacquoise while growing up in Calabria, so when I sampled this cake at the restaurant La Locanda del Re while visiting the town of Santa Severina, I assumed it was a modern invention of the chef’s. On a trip back to Calabriaseveral years later, I learned that the dessert originated in the late 1990s with renowned pastry chef Sal De Riso in the town of Minori. Because I had so enjoyed the cake in Santa Severina, I was curious to try De Riso’s original, so off I went to hunt it down at his pastry shop. Along the way, I found variations of the cake throughout Southern Italy, even coming across a gelato made with ricotta and pears. What struck me in the first version I’d tried were the crunchy layers encasing the filling, rather than the soft layers of pan di Spagna (sponge cake) I tasted at De Riso’s pastry shop. This cake has become popular all over Southern Italy, where you will find the layers made with plain pasta frolla, hazelnut pasta frolla, or hazelnut dacquoise, as I have used here.
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons (160 g) raw, skin-on hazelnuts
3/4 cup plus 1 tablespoon (100 g) confectioners’ sugar, plus more for finishing
4 large egg whites
Pinch of kosher salt
1/2 cup plus 2 tablespoons (125 g) granulated sugar
1 pound (454 g) ripe Bartlettpears, peeled, cored, and cut into 1/2-inch pieces
1/3 cup (67 g) granulated sugar
2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
1 tablespoon pear liqueur
2 cups (454 g) fresh ricotta (page 186), well drained
3/4 cup (150 g) granulated sugar
1 teaspoon pure vanilla extract
1 cup plus 2 tablespoons (270 ml) heavy cream
2 sheets silver grade gelatin
To make the dacquoise layers, preheat the oven to 350°F (177°C) with racks in the upper and lower thirds of the oven. Line two baking sheets with parchment paper. Using a 9-inch cake pan as a guide, draw a circle in pencil on each piece of parchment paper, then turn over the parchment paper so that the writing can be seen through the paper. Lightly oil the parchment paper inside and slightly beyond the two circles with safflower oil or another neutral-tasting oil.
Combine the hazelnuts and confectioners’ sugar in a food processor and process until the nuts are the texture of medium-fine cornmeal, scraping down the bowl as needed.
Beat the egg whites with the salt at medium speed in a stand mixer fitted with the whisk attachment until they form soft peaks. With the mixer running, add the granulated sugar in a few additions, then increase the speed to high and beat until peaks form that are firm but not at all dry. (Alternatively, use a handheld electric mixer.) Use a large spatula to fold in the hazelnuts in three additions, until they are fully incorporated.
Divide the dacquoise mixture equally between the two baking sheets, spreading it with a small offset spatula to fill the circles in an even layer all the way to the edges. Bake until the layers are dry to the touch and light golden all over, 25 to 30 minutes, rotating the pans top to bottom and front to back halfway through baking.
Transfer the layers on their parchment paper liners to a flat surface. The cakes will have expanded slightly: to ensure they will fit into the pan, trim all around the edges of the warm layers with a sharp paring knife, using a 9-inch cake pan as a guide. Slide the layers onto a wire rack to cool completely.
To prepare the filling, put the pears in a small nonstick skillet and add the sugar and lemon juice. Stir over high heat until the fruit is translucent, 8 to 10 minutes. Remove from the heat and stir in the liqueur. Transfer the fruit to a small strainer placed over a bowl and set aside to cool.
To make the ricotta mousse, press the ricotta through an ultrafine-mesh strainer or splatter screen (see page 14) into a large bowl. Use a spatula to stir in the granulated sugar and vanilla until well mixed.
In a separate bowl, whip 1 cup of the cream using an electric mixer until firm peaks form. Use a large spatula to fold the whipped cream into the ricotta mixture; set aside.
Put the gelatin into a small bowl of cool water to completely submerge it; let stand for 5 minutes to soften. Heat the remaining 2 tablespoons of cream in a bowl in the microwave or in a small saucepan over medium heat until it simmers. Squeeze the water from the soaked gelatin and stir it into the hot cream until it dissolves completely. Stir 1/4 cup of the ricotta mixture into the dissolved gelatin, then use a large spatula to fold this mixture back into the ricotta until well mixed. Gently fold the cooled drained pears into the ricotta mousse. (Discard the pear syrup or reserve for another use.) Cover the mousse and refrigerate for 2 hours.
To assemble the cake, place a dacquoise round top side up in a 9-inch springform pan. Spread the ricotta-pear filling over the cake, leveling the top. Top with the second cake. Cover the pan tightly with plastic wrap and refrigerate until set, at least 4 hours or up to a day. (The assembled cake may be frozen in the pan for up to 1 month. Transfer to the refrigerator to thaw overnight, then let stand at room temperature for 1 hour before serving.)
To serve, release the outer ring from the pan and transfer the cake on its base to a serving platter, or use a large spatula to transfer the cake directly to the platter. Dust the cake generously with confectioners’ sugar and cut into wedges with a sharp serrated knife.
Reprinted with permission from Southern Italian Desserts: Rediscovering the Sweet Traditions of Calabria, Campania, Basilicata, Puglia, and Sicily by Rosetta Costantino with Jennie Schacht (Ten Speed Press, © 2013). Photo Credit: Sara Remington.