Other names: madere
Translations: Μαδέρα, Madera, الماديرا, Madère, マデイラ, 마데이라, Madera, Madera, Мадера, Madeyra, מדיירה, Мадера, 马德拉, Мадера, Мадейра
Madeira is a fortified Portuguese wine made in the Madeira Islands. The wine is produced in a variety of styles ranging from dry wines which can be consumed on their own as an aperitif, to sweet wines more usually consumed with dessert.
Mouthfeel: Sweet and thick
Food complements: Beef, Beef broth, Gorgonzola, Swiss type cheeses, Tomatoes, Pork, Duck, Chocolate
Beverage complements: Sparkling water
Substitutes: Port, Red wine
Selecting and Buying
Choosing: Since 1993, Madeira that is produced from Tinta Negra Mole are legally restricted to use generic terms on the label to indicate the level of sweetness as seco (dry), meio seco (medium dry), meio doce (medium sweet) and doce (sweet). The terms pale, dark, full and rich can also be included to describe the wine's color. A wine labeled as Finest, means that it has been aged for at least 3 years. This style is usually reserved for cooking. Wines made from at least 85% of the noble varieties of Sercial, Verdelho, Bual and Malmsey are usually labeled based on the amount of time that they were aged.Wines with Solera listed were made in a style similar to Sherry with fractional blending of wines from different vintages in a solera system.
Buying: Maderia is available in some grocery stores and liquor stores. Sometimes a "cooking" wine version is available at grocers that do not sell alcohol.
Procuring: There are four major types of Madeira, named according to the grape variety used. Ranging from the sweetest to the driest style they are: Malvasia (also known as Malmsey or Malvazia), Bual (or Boal), Verdelho, and Sercial.
Conserving and Storing
To prevent the wine from spoiling, neutral grape spirits were added. On the long sea voyages, the wines would be exposed to excessive heat and movement which transformed the flavor of the wine as the wine producers of Madeira found out when an unsold shipment of wine returned to the islands after a round trip. Madeira is a very robust wine that can be quite long lived even after being opened