For all of you bean lovers out there, who have suffered way too long, this post is for you...
Beans are one of the most nutritious and satisfying foods - rich in complex carbohydrates, low-fat protein, minerals, calcium, fiber, and loaded with antioxidants. They also have great flavor and texture. To top it off, they rarely go bad since they are dried. Unfortunately, eating beans can also lead to gas and bloating. If you want to get the nutritional benefits of beans, without blowing up, here are some helpful tips...
Beans To Buy: Some beans are easier to digest than others. Try and stay away from canned beans because the sugars and preservatives can disrupt your digestive system and cause gas. If you do buy canned ones, make sure to rinse and drain them well. Purchase fresh, dried beans from a store where there is a quick turn-over, such as these dried chickpeas from the bulk aisle at Whole Foods pictured below. Also, choose smaller sized beans - since they tend to be less gassy- such as small lima beans over large lima beans, and navy beans over kidney beans. Store them in a cool, dry place, like your pantry.
Prep, Wash and Soak: Sort through your dried beans and discard any cracked ones. Place in a bowl or pot and cover with cold water by at least 2 to 3 inches. Swirl the water and beans around with your fingers. Gently pour off most of the water and any floating matter into the sink . Repeat until the water is clear. On the last rinse, pour the remaining water and beans through a mesh strainer. Then, you want to soak your beans. For the cold-soak method, wash and cover beans with water 3 to 4 inches over the beans. Let the beans sit overnight for 6 to 8 hours. Discard soaking water. For the hot-soak method, place the beans in a pot and cover with water 3 to 4 inches over the beans. Bring to a boil and cook for 5 minutes. Remove from heat, and let the beans soak in the hot water for two hours. Discard soaking water. Tip: If you are pressed for time, just buy beans that don't need to soak, such as lentils and split peas.
Get Cooking: You can boil, pressure cook, bake your beans in liquid, even sprout them! If you are boiling your beans, it's 1 cup dry beans to 3 to 4 cups water. The beans should remain under water during cooking. Cooking time, of course, depends on the bean. For chickpeas, you want to bring to a boil and simmer them for about 1 hour. Pour beans through a colander to drain or remove from cooking liquid with a slotted spoon. Pressure cooking reduces cooking time by 5 to 10 minutes, but note that black beans, lentils and split peas should not be pressure cooked since their skins can get stuck in the valve. The best beans to pressure cook are soy beans and chickpeas. Finally, you can try the sprouting method, which is supposedly one of the best ways to minimize beans' negative effects.
Eat Your Beans with Grains: When eaten with grains, they make a complete protein, so try pairing your beans with quinoa, bulgar, or some brown rice. Check out this tasty recipe for spicy chickpea salad with Basmati rice.
Note: If none of the above tips help you, I recommend trying some beano or seeing your doctor!